Title: BUILT ON SAND : An Examination of the Practice of Sand Mining in South Asia with Observations from the Mahakali and the Teesta Rivers

Author: Nirjan Rai, Saumitra Neupane, Shreeya Rana, Devesh Belbase, and Vimal Khawas

Year of Publication: 2019

Sand, the most mined mineral globally, is a limited resource facing increasing demand due to urbanization in South Asia. However, unsustainable sand mining practices pose environmental and societal risks. This brief examines sand mining in Nepal and India, offering recommendations for responsible and sustainable approaches to address these concerns.