This project attempts to empirically analyze the practices of road construction in Federal Nepal. The practices studied are across five different themes, namely: Electoral representation, Democratic participation, Federalization and Financing, Technical vs Political Decision Making, and Accountability. During the study period, the team studied road construction processes in Gosainkunda Rural Municipality, Godawari Municipality, and Jeetpur-Simara Sub-Metropolitan City. The team interacted with several stakeholders including, but not limited to, the Mayors and Deputy Mayors, Ward Chairman and member, Chairman and member of Users’ Committee, and Daily Users of the roads. The final report of the study presents the three case studies of the aforementioned local bodies, followed by the subsequent takeaways and recommendations.